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Software and Qualitative Analysis

7. Drawing and Verifying Conclusions

Variable-Oriented vs. Process-Oriented Matrices

A further distinction offered by Miles and Huberman (1994) is between what they call “paradigmatic” and “syntagmatic” displays. Paradigmatic displays are variable-oriented (think: paradigm) while syntagmatic displays are process-oriented.

Paradigmatic displays focus on relationships among well-defined concepts. For example, they may array one variable against another to find clusters or causal relationships. Syntagmatic displays focus on following the events in a case over time. Miles and Huberman (1994) argue that you must combine the two modes for careful description and explanation.

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Miles, M. B. and Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis:  An expanded sourcebook, 2nd Ed.  Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Miles, M. B. and Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis:  An expanded sourcebook, 2nd Ed.  Thousand Oaks: Sage.