Designing research requires careful consideration of the entire research process, from the development of a research question to dissemination of the results. Polit and Beck (2004) describe 5 phases to the research process: the conceptual phase, the design and planning phase, the empirical phase, the analytic phase, and the dissemination phase (Table 1). This chapter will focus on the first two phases, conceptualizing and planning a study; however, all phases will be described. Design features of quantitative, qualitative, and mixed method research will be addressed.
Overview of Research Process
Table previously published in: Whittemore, R. & Melkus, G. (2008). Designing a research study. The Diabetes Educator, 34, 201-216.