5. Current and Unresolved Issues
Individual and/or Community Consent
Today, research is seen as a collaborative partnership between investigators, participants and their institutions. Implementation of the principle of respect for persons has come to include engaging communities in research and negotiating community consent. In today’s environment, it is considered good practice to have community involvement during every phase of research from planning to reporting. However, who is the community? Communities differ in their organization and cultural traditions. When an investigator is studying a community or group rather than the individual, who shall consent for the group? Is group and individual consent appropriate? Is it more effective to discuss research and answer questions in an individual or group setting?