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Clinical Trials

1. Learning Objectives

After reviewing this chapter readers should be able to:

  • Identify and classify different types of trial designs when reading a trial report;
  • Understand the essential design issues of randomized clinical trials;
  • Appreciate three possible sources of errors that could lead to erroneous trial results;
  • Understand the basic statistical principles, concepts, and methods for clinical data analysis and reporting; and
  • Understand some frequently used terms in clinical trials.