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Design Decisions in Research

1. Learning Objectives

After reviewing this chapter readers should be able to:

  • Describe the steps of the research process and key components of designing a study.
  • Explain that the conceptual phase underpins and organizes any research study, quantitative, qualitative, or mixed methods.
  • Recognize that the study design and methods are further determined by the problem to be examined, purpose of the study, and questions to be answered.
  • Understand that rigorous methodological specification, implementation, and control of extraneous variables are necessary for valid and reliable statistical conclusions.
  • Recognize that the processes and outcomes of research should be disseminated to appropriate audiences of professionals, policy makers and consumers in order to advance knowledge.