Application of Social and Behavioral Theories in Public Health Interventions

4. Important Theories and Their Key Constructs

Exercise 3

This exercise asks the user to answer questions about the Social Cognitive Theory. 

Instructions:
Select the option(s) that best answer the questions below.

Questions:
1.  In the construct of reciprocal determinism, which of the following would be considered an environmental factor that could be used to change health behavior?

  • A brother or sister who has type 2 diabetes
  • A popular professional athlete doing public service announcements encouraging kids to exercise
  • A person’s knowledge about his or her own risk for diabetes
  • A high school’s “healthy lunch” policy

2.  Which of these examples describes how self-efficacy can be used to help improve health-related behavior?

  • Breaking down a large goal of reducing fat intake into small weekly goals that are more easily attainable
  • Providing free condoms at nightclubs
  • Showing diabetic adolescents a video of youths like themselves who are successful at managing their blood glucose levels
  • Holding a rally to show community members’ support for reducing violence in their neighborhoods

3.  Which construct or constructs for Social Cognitive Theory could be used as a key part of a program to increase hand-washing among elementary school children?

  • Observational learning
  • Reinforcement
  • Self-efficacy
  • Behavioral contracting

Answers:
1.  In the construct of reciprocal determinism, which of the following would be considered an environmental factor that could be used to change health behavior?

  • A popular professional athlete doing public service announcements encouraging kids to exercise
  • A high school’s “healthy lunch” policy

2.  Which of these examples describes how self-efficacy can be used to help improve health-related behavior?

  • Breaking down a large goal of reducing fat intake into small weekly goals that are more easily attainable

3.  Which construct or constructs for Social Cognitive Theory could be used as a key part of a program to increase hand-washing among elementary school children?

  • Observational learning
  • Reinforcement
  • Behavioral contracting