Qualitative Methods

3. Observation

Exercise 2

Having completed the discussion of Observation Research, please review the following and match the aim that is most appropriately described by the concept.

The Aims are:

  • 'Seeing through the eyes of'
  • Description
  • 'Contextualism'
  • Process
  • Flexible research designs
  • Avoiding early use of theories and concepts

The Concepts are:

  • Viewing events, actions, norms, and values from the perspective of the study subject
  • Attending to mundane details to define context and provide clues to other layers of reality
  • Understanding events within their wider social and historical context.
  • Viewing social life as involving interlocking series of events
  • Open and unstructured research model to allow for unexpected issues to be considered
  • Understanding what is happening in the field before applying abstract concepts

Answers:

Aim Concept
'Seeing through the eyes of' Viewing events, actions, norms, and values from the perspective of the study subject
Description Attending to mundane details to define context and provide clues to other layers of reality
'Contextualism' Understanding events within their wider social and historical context.
Process Viewing social life as involving interlocking series of events
Flexible research designs Open and unstructured research model to allow for unexpected issues to be considered
Avoiding early use of theories and concepts Understanding what is happening in the field before applying abstract concepts