'Science' in the Social Sciences
1. Learning Objectives
After reviewing this chapter readers should be able to:
- Understand the nature and scope of a controversy in the philosophy of the social sciences regarding the causal explanation of types of human conduct.
- Appreciate the relevance of later Wittgenstein analyses to some central methodological issues in sociology and other social sciences.
- Understand the limits as well as the strengths of the critique of the social sciences offered by Peter Winch and some of his contemporaries.
- Grasp the relationships that obtain between certain methodological strategies and the purposes of investigators in selecting them.
- Become clear about the concept of ‘science’ in the social sciences and the ways in which it is used and also sometimes misused.