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Theory Development

1. Learning Objectives

After reviewing this chapter readers should be able to:

  • Understand basic concepts of causality in terms of 2x2 tables.
  • Understand the role of background and theoretical knowledge in social and behavioral research.
  • Understand the relation of basic demographic information and other kinds of explanation in social and behavioral research.
  • Understand the concept of confounding.
  • Understand the role of mechanisms in social and behavioral explanation.
  • Understand the problem of the underdetermination of theory by data in social science.